The logo is reproduced here according to the article L713-6 alinéa b from the French Intellectual Property Code. US laws define this type of use under the "fair use".
This logo is included in an article of public interest. The significance of the logo is to help the reader identify the organization, assure the readers that they have reached the right article and illustrate the organization's intended branding message in a way that words alone could not convey. Because it is a non-free logo, there is almost certainly no free representation. Any substitute that is not a derivative work would fail to convey the meaning intended, would tarnish or misrepresent its image, or would fail its purpose of identification or commentary. It is believed that the use of low-resolution logos for use involving identification qualify under the French law of the Intellectual Property Code. For American readers, the use of this logo is believed to be a "fair use" as defined in the United States Copyright law. Use of the logo here does not imply endorsement of the organization by Alumnya, nor vice versa. If you are the owner of the logo and you do not want it to appear here, please contact us and we will remove it as soon as possible.
(With a copyright, not explicitly authorized (e.g. found on the university website))